Peru Declares a National Health Emergency -After an Increase of Guillain-Barre Syndrome cases

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Important Things You Should Know about This GBS

In a significant move, the Peruvian government has taken decision action by declaring a 90-day nationwide emergency after an increase in Gillian-Barre syndrome cases. This rare neurological disorder has captured the attention of health authorities, taking strict action to control Guillain–Barré syndrome. According to a report by Mercopress, Peru has currently recorded a total of 165 cases of Guillain–Barré syndrome(GBS), with the unfortunate loss of four lives.

What Is Guillian Barre Syndrome?

Guillain-Barre Syndrome (GBS) is an uncommon condition characterized by the immune system’s misguided attack on the body’s nerves. The resulting consequences include muscle weakness, while severe cases can escalate to paralysis or, tragically, even death.

How is Guillain Barre Syndrome (GBS) Diagnosed?

1. The First Symptom includes weakness or tingling sensation in the legs. This sometimes spreads to the arms and upper body. 

2. The symptoms may get worse. In some cases, you may not be to use your muscles at all. You become paralyzed and breathing hard.

3. Person may also suffer from double vision or the inability to move their eyes.

4. Some are affected by changes in the function of the autonomic nervous system, which can lead to dangerous abnormalities in heart rate and blood pressure.

5. GBS can lead to difficulties in walking, running or performing fine motor tasks due to muscle weakness and impaired coordination.

How to Recover Early from Gullain Barre Syndrome?

  • Plasma Exchange: Plasma exchange is a commonly used treatment for GBS. The liquid portion of part of your blood(plasma) is removed and separated from your blood cells. The blood cells are then put back into your body which manufactures more plasma to make up for what was removed. Plasmapheresis may work by ridding plasma of certain antibodies that contribute to the immune system’s attack on the peripheral nerves.
  • Physical Therapy: As muscle weakness and paralysis are common symptoms of GBS, physical therapy plays a vital role in the recovery process. Physical therapists can help maintain muscle strength, improve mobility and prevent muscle atrophy. They may also recommend assistive devices such as braces or wheelchairs if needed.
  • Psychological Support: Dealing with a sudden illness and its potential long-term effects can be emotionally challenging. It is essential to have a support system in place, including counselling or therapy, to support any psychological or emotional distress.
  •  Respiratory Support: If GBS affects the muscles involved in breathing, respiratory support may be necessary. This can include assisted ventilation through mechanical ventilators or non-invasive respiratory support devices, such as bilevel positive airway pressure (BiPAP) or continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) machines.

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